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1919年的燕京大学,还不在颐和园路5号


更新日期:2021-01-23 19:49:36来源:网络点击:687287
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CONGMINGCHAOCHUNIANBEIJINGZAIXIANYOUCHENGZHISHANGJIANCHENGYILAI,BEIJING“CHENG”YIJINGYOULEJIZHANGJIERANBUTONGDEMIANKONG(TU1),HEZHEIZHONGXINGTAICHABIELIANXIZAIYIQIDEBUJINJINSHIWULIJIANSHE,ZUIZHONGYAODE,HAISHIBUTONGLISHITIAOJIANXIADESHEHUISHENGHUOFANGSHI。

在扩展出二环线以前,北京看上去还不是一块似乎会漫无边际扩展下去的大饼。多少年来,在外来者觊觎的眼光里,它都是黑乎乎的城门洞子里密致模糊的一团——大致说来,一直到民国初年,北京城市的发展还非常局限于那一圈城墙,为城墙铁桶般围定的那座城池里面,人口拥塞,而它的外面却是稀稀落落、发展缓慢的农业聚落,只有西北面得天独厚,坐落着诸多的皇家园林和离宫、庙宇。

1900 NIANGENGZIZHILUANYIHOU,YOUYUZHENGZHIJUNSHISHANGDECANBAI,YIFANGMIAN,QINGZHENGFUWUJINDEGUOMENCONGCIBUDAQINGYUANDIXIANGYANGRENDONGKAI, ZAIXIANGDUIPINGWENDEZHENGZHIJUMIANXIA, ZAIBEIJINGDEXIFANGRENYONGYOULEZUIDAQUANXIANDELVXINGZIYOU,ZHEIZUOGULAODECHENGSHIBIANDEQIANSUOWEIYOUDI“KAIFANG”;LINGYIFANGMIAN,YIBUFENXIFANGRENDUIPAOJIANZHENGCEDEFANSHENG, DAILAILEGENGWENHEDEJIAZHIGUANNIANDE“QINLVE”, ZHEIQIZHONGJIJIDEFANGMIAN, TUCHUDIBIAOXIANYUTAMENDUIYUBEIJINGJINDAISHIZHENGJIANSHEDEGONGXIAN:20 SHIJICHUYILAI,XIFANGRENZAIHUASHIYEDEHENJIBUZAIJINJINSHIJIAOTANG、LINGSHIGUANHEBINGYING,YESHIYIYUAN、GONGCHANGHEXUEXIAO。

TU1 JINZHONGDOU,YUANDADOUHEMINGQINGBEIJINGCHENGDEDILIFANGWEIGUANXI(ZILIAOLAIYUAN:《ZHANGANJIE》)

Peking University YUMEIGUODECHUANJIAOSHI

1911NIANMINGUOJIANLIHOUDEBEIJING, JIUXIANGSHIYIGECHENFENGYIJIUERTURANDAKAIDEHEZI,ZAIYANGGUANGDEZHISHEXIA,TANEIXIECHENNIANDEZHUZANGXUNSUBIANZHI,YOUDEJIUCITUBENGWAJIE,YOUDEZEFASHENGLEMOUZHONGHUAXUEFANYING,XIYINLEZHEIBANNEIYANGDECHONGYINGFENGDIE。(TU2、TU3)

TU2 YANDAXUANCHUANSHOUCEZHONGMIAOHUIDEDONGBIANMEN(ZILIAOLAIYUAN:HAFODAXUETUSHUGUAN)

TU3 XINHAIGEMINGHOUZHIKANGRIZHANZHENGBAOFAERSHIWUNIANZHIJIAN,BEIJINGCHENGDEWAIQIAOSHUMUZUIZHONGDADAOCHUANGJILUDESHUZI(ZILIAOLAIYUAN:HAFODAXUETUSHUGUAN)

YIXIEXIFANGRENFACHULEZHEIYANGDEGANTAN:“BEIJINGYIJINGBIANDETAIXINLE!

1911 NIANHOUDESHUNIAN,JIUSHIZAIZHEIYANGDELISHIQINGJINGLIMIAN,ZHENXINGZAIHUABEIDEMEIGUOJIDUJIAOJIAOHUIJIAOYUDETIYIMIAOZHUNLEBEIJING,ZHONGGUOWENHUADEXINZANG。TONGZHOUXIEHEDAXUE(ZHANGLAOHUIHEGONGLIHUIHEBAN,1889 NIANCHUANGJIAN)、BEIJINGHUIWENDAXUE(WEILIGONGHUI1888 NIANCHUANGJIAN)DEZHONGZUHEQINGHUADAXUEZHUYAOXIAOSHEDEXINGJIANYINRENZHUMUDIPAIZAI1919 NIANJIANZHUDASHIDESHOUWEI, ERTAMENDOUHEYIGEWEIMEIGUOJIAOHUIGUYONGDEMEIGUOJIANZHUSHIDEMINGZILIANXIZAIYIQI, TAJIUSHIBENSHUDEZHURENGONGZHIYI:MAOFEI(Henry K. Murphy)。(TU4)

TU4 JIANZHUSHIMAOFEI

对北京的传教士而言, 起先的传教工作重心并不在交通和设施便利的北京,他们的眼光更多地投向北京所辐射的华北,势力所及之处,甚至到达山西、河北的偏僻农村。而在义和团运动中吃了大亏的传教士们也并非单纯的慈善家,他们改造中国人宗教信念的一个重要途径,是利用那时中国人对新学的普遍向往,兴办教育,招纳信众。最初教育的对象主要有两种,一种是穷苦而无法接受正规教育的年轻人,一种是已经加入教会的教徒的子女。

QICHU, YOUYUMEIGUOJIAOHUIXITONGDEPANGDAWUZA, ZHEIXIANGGONGZUOBINGMEIYOUDEDAOMEIGUOGUONEIDEQIANGYOULIZHIYUAN。ZHANGQIYILAI,ZAIDUIHUADEJIDUJIAOSHIYESHANG,CHUANJIAOSHIMENQUEFAGONGSHI,YEMEIYOUTONGYIDEYUANJINGGUIHUA。YIHETUANYUNDONGZHONG,TONGZHOUXIEHEDAXUEHEBEIJINGHUIWENDAXUELIANGXIAOJUNBEIFENHUI,ZHONGYUSHIRENSHIFENRAOBUDUANDELIANGXIAOHEBINGTISHANGYICHENG。DAOLEMINGUOJIANLIHOUDEDIQIGENIANTOU,JI1918 NIAN,BEIJINGDEMEIGUOJIAOHUIGAOCENGDACHENGCHUBUXIEYI,ZAICHENGNEICHENGLIYISUOXINDEDAXUE,MINGZIJIUNIZUOPeking University。

“YANJINGDAXUE” XIAOMINGZHENGSHISHENGXIAO

ZHEISUOXINDAXUEDEMINGZIDEZHONGWENFANYISHI“BEIJINGDAXUE”,HEDANGSHIDEGUOLIBEIJINGDAXUE(National Peking University )HENRONGYIHUNXIAO,XIANRANBUSHIGEBANFA,SHIBIDEZHONGXINQIYIGE。ZHEIKANSHANGQUBUSHIYIGEDUODADESHIER,QUESHIDE1919NIANYOUNANJINGLAIBEIJINGSHANGTANXINXIAOSHIYIDESITULEIDENGDACHILEYIJING:

WOYU1919 NIAN1 YUE31RIDAODABEIJING……WOLIKEKAISHIYISHIDAOZHEILIANGGEXUEXIAOZHIJIANDEFENQIBIWOYUANLAIXIANGXIANGDEYAOYANZHONGDEDUO。HUIWENSHUYUANBIYESHENGDAIBIAOTUANGAOSUWO,BUGUANZHEIGEHEBINGHOUDEXINXUEXIAOYINGWENMINGJIAOSHENME,CHUFEIZHONGWENMINGZIHAIJIAO“HUIWEN”,BURANTAMENJIUJUJUEBATAKANCHENGMUXIAO。

WOTIYITAMENRENMINGYIGEYOUZHONGGUORENHEWAIGUORENDEWEIYUANHUI,YIZHONGLIDETAIDU,JIUXIANZAIWEIJIEJUEDEWENTIZUOYIGEWUTIAOJIANDEJUEDING……

JIUZAISITULEIDENGFANHUINANJING,MANYIWEIWANSHIDAJILEDESHIHOU,YANJINGDAXUEDEDONGSHIMENQUEJIDIANRANGTAZAIQUYICIBEIJING。ZAINEILI,TAKANDAODEYIRANSHIXIANZAIXIEDIAOWUWANGDERENSHIJIUFENLIDEXIAOMINGFENGBO。“QINAIDELIUHAILANBOSHIQISHEN,LAOLEIZONGHENGDISHUODAO,TAYIJINGSHOUGOULEWEIYUANHUIDEZHENGCHAO”——ZHONGYU,SUOYOUDERENDOUYISHIDAO,“SHUANGFANGDOUYAODUIYUANLAIJIANCHIDEDONGXIZUOCHUXISHENG,ZHIWEIZHENGGEXUEXIAODEDAJUZHEXIANG” 。

就在这样的遭际下,由诚静怡提议的“燕京大学”这个名字诞生了,在“开诚布公,重新做起”的承诺下孕育着新的转变因子。特聘的校名委员会请到了包括胡适和蔡元培在内的五人团,在1919年,按照他们共同做出的决议,“燕京大学”的校名正式生效,这便是今天北京大学校园的名称“燕园”的渊源。

MAOSIJIANDANDEMINGMINGWENTIQUESHIDEHEBINGDEJIHUAYIDUGEQIAN,ZHEIDUOSHAOFANYINGLEYIGEWENTI,NEIJIUSHIZAIHUAJIAOHUIDEJIUSHITIZHISHANGBUNENGGENSHANGMINGUOCHUNIANWEIZHIYIXINDEJUMIAN,ERTAMENJUCUDEWULIZHUANGKUANGHETAMENBAOSHOUDESIWEIFANGSHIYEBUWUGUANXI。HEBINGZHIHOU,YANJINGDAXUEFENWEIHUBUXIANGRAODENANBUHENVBU(TU5),LIANGBUFENBIEWEIYUBEIJINGCHENGNEIDONGNANJIAODEKUIJIACHANGHETONGFUJIADAO,DAXUEZAOQIZHAOSHOUDEXUESHENGDABUFENJUZHUZAIZHEILI,YIZHIDAO1926 NIANZAIHAIDIANDEXINXIAOZHIJIBENLUOCHENG。

TU5 BEIJINGCHENGNEISHIQIDEYANJINGDAXUENVXIAO

ZAINEISHIHOU,XISHIXUETANG,YOUQISHI“DAXUE”,ZAIZHONGGUOHAISHIGEXINXIANSHIWU,MEIYOURENZHIDAOGAIWEITAZHUNBEISHENMEYANGDEWULIZAITI,ZHONGGUORENBUZHIDAO,MEIGUORENYEWEIBIQINGCHU。GANGGANGJINRUBEIJINGCHENGDEMEIGUOJIAOHUI,MIANDUIZHEIYIWENTI,DUOBANSHIZULINHUOGOUMAISIRENFANGCHAN,YINDIJIUSHIGAIJIANYIHEHUZIJIDEXUYAO,TANBUSHANGSHENMEXITONGGUIHUA。

1919NIANDEYANJINGDAXUE, FENGBIDEXIAOTIANDI

1919 NIANDEQIUTIAN,SITULEIDENGJIESHOUDEYANJINGDAXUESHIZHEIYANGDEJINGXIANG:“NEILIYOUWUJIANKESHI。YIJIANKERONGYIBAIXUESHENGDEFANTING,YOUSHIYONGZHEIJIANDAWUZIKAIHUI,YEYOUSHIYONGLAIJIANGDAO。HAIYOUSANPAISUSHE,YIJIANCHUFANG,YIJIANYUSHI,YIJIANTUSHUSHI,YIJIANJIAOYUANBANGONGSHI。LINGYOUWANGQIUCHANGHELANQIUCHANG。CIWAIGANGNONGDAOSHOUYIZUOLIANGCENGDECHANGFANG,YUANSHIDEGUORENJIANDE,KEYIGAIZUOKETANGHESHIYANSHI。” ZUIZHONGNANXIAOSUIFENWEIBAYUAN(YIDUYOUJIUYUAN),QISHIYEZHIYOUZUOBANGONGSHI、LITANG、SHITANGHEJIAOSHIDEYI、ER、SIYUANYOUDIANGUIMO,QIYUGEYUANDOUSHICHONGZUOXUESHENGSUSHEDEJIANLOUJIUSHIPINGFANG,YUANNEIMEIWULIANGRENDAOSIRENBUDENG,TAMENFENBUZAIFUJINDEHUTONGNEI,YINWEIFUJINYOUYIGEHENDADEJIUSHICESUO,WEISHENGTIAOJIANSHIKEYIXIANGXIANGDECHA。( TU6、TU7、TU8)

TU6 YANDAKUIJIACHANGXIAOZHIGEYUANFENBULVETU

TU7 YANDAKUIJIACHANGSIYUANFENBULVETU(JUCHENYUNDUNLAOXIAOYOUHUIYICAOTU)

TU8 YANDANVXIAOFENBULVETU

ZHEIYANGDE“DAXUE”DEKONGJIANJIEGOUNAIRENXUNWEI,TASHIYIGEFENGBIDE、ZICHENGYITONGDEXIAOTIANDI,HEZHONGGUOCHUANTONGSHUYUANDEWULIXINGTAI(TU9)XIANGQUBUYUAN。1916NIAN,ZAIQUANGUOGUANGFANZHAOSHENGDEGUOLIBEIJINGDAXUEYIJINGYOUYIQIANWUBAILINGSANMINGXUESHENG,1920 NIANBIANSHIXIANLENANNVTONGXIAO,ERQIANXIAOZHIQIANDEYANDAXUESHENGDADUOHAILAIZIGEDIJIDUTUJIATING,NANNVFENXIAO,ZHIYOUNVSHENGOUERDAONANXIAOSHANGKE。1919NIAN,DANGZHUMINGDEHONGLOUYIJINGLUOCHENGSANNIANSHI,YANDADENIANQINGRENHAIXIANGZAIYIGEZONGJIAOJIGOULIMIANXIUXING;BUXIANGGUOLIBEIJINGDAXUEDEXUESHENGDADUOZOUDU,XUESHENGZHONGYIJINGJIEHUNSHENGZIDEYEBUZAISHAOSHU。

TU9 QIANXIANDAISHEHUIZHONGGUOCHUANTONGJIAOYUJIGOUDEWULIXINGTAI:BEIJINGCHENGDONGNANYUCHONGWENMENNEIDESHUNTIANFUGONGYUAN(KEJUXIANGSHIDIDIAN)YIJISHUNTIANFUTAIXUE(GUOZIJIAN)(ZILIAOLAIYUAN:《SHUNTIANFUZHI》)(1)

YANDADEXUESHENGHENDUOSHISHIBAJIUSUIDEQINGCHUNSHAONIAN,SHENGHUO、XUEXIZAIYIQI。(TU10)TAMENDE“DAXUE”SHENGHUO,CONGJIAOWUCHUDAOSHIYANSHI,CONGSHITANGDAOYUSHI,JINMIDIANPAIZAIJUCUDESHUSHIJIANPINGFANGLI:

……DALITANGYESHIGUSHIDEJIANZHU,WUZIHENGAO,DISHIYANGHUIDE,DONGTIANKAOJIGEMEILUQUNUAN, YANTONGTONGCHUQIANGWAI……XINJIANDELIANGCENGLOUSUSHE,YOURESHUIGUANQUNUAN,SANRENTONGZHUYISHI……YUANLAIDEJIULOUFANG,LOUSHANGLOUXIAGEYOUSANJIANWOSHI,LIANGRENGONGZHUYIFANG。ZHONGJIANYOUGEMEILU,YANTONGTONGHOUQIANG,GONGRENJINGCHANGLAITIANMEI,NAZOUMEICHA(ZHA)JILUHUI,YANHUIFEIYANG。

TU10 QIANXIANDAISHEHUIZHONGGUOCHUANTONGJIAOYUJIGOUDEWULIXINGTAI:BEIJINGCHENGDONGNANYUCHONGWENMENNEIDESHUNTIANFUGONGYUAN(KEJUXIANGSHIDIDIAN)YIJISHUNTIANFUTAIXUE(GUOZIJIAN)(ZILIAOLAIYUAN:《SHUNTIANFUZHI》)(2)

……LIUYUANDEMENHENZHAI,ZHIYOUYISHANXIANGXIAOHURENJIADEMENYIYANG。PANGBIANSHIFUXIAOZHANGLUSIDEZHUZHAI,TAZHEIZHUZHAIDEMENQUESHISHUANGSHANZHUHONGDAMEN,DAJIADEMOYANG……ZOUJINLIUYUANDEMENWANGZUOZHUAN,SHIYITIAOZHAIZHANGDEXIANG,DAOJINTOUCHUSHIQIANYUAN,YOUYIPAIFANGJIAN,ZAIWANGLIZOUDAOHOUYUAN,YEYOUYIPAIFANGJIAN。MEIJIANFANGZHULIANGGEREN,BAILELIANGZHANGMUBANCHUANG,YIZHANGSHUZHUO,LIANGRENDUIMIANZUOZHEGONGYONG,SHUZHUOSHANGDIAOZHEYIZHANDIANDENG,SHUZHUOPANGDEQIANGAOLEJINQUZUOSHUJIA,FANGLE……KEBENZIDIANDENG。DINGPENG(PENG)SHIZHIHUDE,QIANHOUCHUANGHEMENDESHANGBANJIEDOUYOUGEZI,YESHIYONGZHIHUSHANG。DONGTIANZAILIANGCHUANGZHONGJIAN,SHENGLEYIGEXIAOHUOLU,YANCONGCONGQIANCHUANGHUOHOUCHUANGTONGCHUQU。

DUIYULAIZIQIANLIYIWAIDENANFANGXUESHENGMEN,BEIJINGYANKUDEDONGTIANLINGRENSHENGWEI。ZAOCHENQILAIDAOGUANXIJIANXILIAN,SHUISHIBINGLENGDE,MEIYOURESHUI;WANSHANGSUIRANSHENGLEHUOLU,HAISHIHENLENG,YOUQIGUAFENGDESHIHOU,FENGCONGMENFENGCHUANGXICHUIJINLAI,SHIDEFANGLIDENUANQIXINGTONGXUSHE,ZAIFANGLIYUBEIGONGKE、ZUOWEN、XIEBAOGAO,CHANGCHANGYAOPISHANGHOUDEYIFU,CHUANSHANGMIANXIE,FOUZESHOUJIAOBIANYAODONGJIANGLE。

……YOUYITIANSHENDONGDEWANSHANG, KUANGFENGNUHOU, MENCHUANGHEZHIHUDEDINGPENG(PENG)GEGELUANXIANG,WOHETONGFANGJIAFUWENDOUSHUILE,YIYEKUANGFENGBUXI,WOYONGBEIMENGLETOUSHUI, BUQUGUANTA。DIERTIANQINGCHENXINGLAI, JUEDEFANGFOSHUIZAISHAMOLI, WOXINLIHUAIYINANDAOWOHAIZAIMENGZHONG, DAOLEMENGGUGEBIDASHAMOMA?WOLIKEZUOQILAI, YIKANMANBEIMANZHENDOUSHISHA, YUANLAIWANSHANGDAFENGBAHOUBIANXIAOCHUANGCHUILEXIALAI, FENGSHACONGDONGKAIDECHUANGKOUCHUIJINLAI,JIHUJIANGWOMAIZANGLE!

ZHEIGE“XIUDAOYUAN”DAOBINGBUSHIQUANWUSHICHU:MEILULIMIANKEYIKAOBAISHU,LUSHANGKEYIZHUCHIDEDONGXI;WANSHANGDUSHU,GENGSHENRENJINGDESHIHOU,CHANGCHANGTINGJIANLAOBEIJING“LUOBUSAILILALEHUAN”DEYAOHESHENG,XUESHENGMENJIUPAOCHUMENWAI,MAILEQINGTIANSHUANGCUIDEQINGLUOBUHUIFANGLICHI,JUSHUO,ZHEIZHONGLUOBU“ZAIMEIQIHUNANDEFANGLICHILEKEYISHUANGSHEN”。

RENMENHUOXUNANYIXIANGXIANG,KUIJIACHANGFUJINDEPAOZIHE,CENGQIFALEXIANGXUDISHAN、SITUQIAOZHEIYANGDEXIAOSHUOJIA、HUAJIA,SHIDETAMENDEZUOPINZHONGDUOLEJIFENSHIQINGHUAYI。KUIJIACHANGSHIQIYANJINGDAXUEZUIZHUMINGDE,YEZUIFUSECAIDERENWU,MOGUOYUBINGXIN(XIEWANYING),CONGFUJIANLAIDETAZAIHOURENDEZHUIYIZHONGZONGSHI“MANYUNZHEWENROU, WEIDAIZHEYOUCHOU,YUYUYOUTINGLIU”DEWENYINVSHEN,YIPAILIXIANGDEDONGFANGNVXINGXINGXIANG。( TU11)1922NIANYUYANJINGDAXUEBIYEHOU,BINGXINSUIJIDAOMEIGUOKANGNAIERDAXUEHEWEIERSILINVZIXUEYUAN(Wellesley College)LIUXUE,XUECHENGHOUHUIDAOYANJINGRENJIAODUONIAN。ZHEIQIJIANTAYIWENMINGSHI,《JIXIAODUZHE》BUJINRANSHIFENGHUAXUEYUEZHIZUO,DANTABIXIANEIGANKUIYULUANSHIDE“QIUMEIDEXINLING”CONGLINGYIJIAODUDAOCHULEBEIJINGCHENGNEIDEYANDADEJINGYU。

TU11 NIANQINGSHIDEBINGXIN(XIEWANYING)

一方面, 墙外是“令人呕吐的臭味和不堪入目的街景”,“大街上晴天布满灰尘,雨天遍地泥泞,而且到处是人畜粪便。露天的水沟散发出难闻的气味,地下阴沟里的臭水又浸漫到街上来”;另一方面,学府内的温馨社区和杂乱的周边又形成了鲜明的对比,尤其是“女儿国”的女校,“楼上楼下前面都有走廊和很美丽的栏杆”。 “佟府夹道校内师生不多, 教员和学生相当接近……(教授)住的院落多是很幽美, 墙上爬着紫罗藤(紫藤萝),有的有圆门,各院都不同,好像置身在红楼梦的大观园内。”

“DAGUANYUAN”!ZHEISHIGEQINGMODEZHONGGUORENBUMOSHENGDEYINYU。SHISHISHANG,WEIYUDENGSHIKOUDAJIEDETONGFUJIADAOZHENGSHIJIURIDEWANGFU。TONGFU,JIUSHITONGGUOGANGHETONGGUOWEIXIONGDIDEXIRIFUDI,YIGESHISHUNZHICHAODEXIAOKANGZHANGHUANGHOUZHIXIONG,ANBEIJIANGJUN,YIGEZESHINEIGEDACHEN,KANGXIDEXIAOYIRENHUANGHOUZHIFU。ZAIWANGQIAN,TONGFUHAICENGSHIMINGCHAOJIANCHENYANSONGZHIZIYANSHIFANDEJIUZHAI。ZHEIGEPOBAIDEDAGUANYUANSUIJIREN“GUSEGUXIANG”ZHIGAN,QUEBUNENGWANQUANMANZUYISUOXIANDAIDAXUEDEXUQIU,QISHENZAIJISUOSIHEYUANZHONGDEYANJINGDAXUEMIANQIANGDUSHANQISHEN,QUEGUIMOXIAOERYINGXIANGYOUXIAN。

DIYIRENXIAOZHANG SITULEIDENG

ZAOZAIXIEHEHEHUIWENHEBINGZHICHU,SUOYOUTUOSHIBU(Board of Trustees)DEGAOCENGJIUDOUYISHIDAO,XUEXIAODEBIZEJIANGSHIZANSHIDE,XINDEYANJINGDAXUEJIXUYIGEXINDEWULIZAITILAIZHICHITADEFAZHAN。DANSHI,CHULECAIZHENGSHANGDESHIJIKUNNAN,WENTIHAIZAIYUZHANGQIMEIYOUYIGEQIADANGDERENNENGZONGLANQUANJU。BAOKUOHENGLI·W.LUSI(Henry W. Luce)ZAINEIDEDADUOSHUREN,SUIRANZAIJIAOHUIPIJINGZHANJIDEZAOQISHIYEZHONGJILEILEFENGFUDEJINGYAN,QUEBUZHIDAORUHEZHIDINGYIGEGENGJUKAICHUANGXINGDEGONGZUOFANGZHEN。

所有人都清楚,燕京大学校长的职位是一个烫手的山芋。没有来自美国的充分支持,没有可以参考的成功先例,没人知道这条路会不会通往成功。怪不得司徒雷登抱怨说:“我接受的是一所不仅分文不名,而且似乎是没有人关心的学校。”

YANJINGDAXUEZUIZHONGXUANDINGLESITULEIDENG, CONGYANJINGDAXUEZAIHOULAISANSHINIANJIANDUIZHONGGUODEYINGXIANGLAIKAN,SITULEIDENGSHIYIGEDUYIWUERDEXUANZE。TAZAIZHONGGUODUGUOTONGNIAN,YOUBEISONGHUIMEIGUOJIESHOUZONGJIAOJIAOYU,SHUODEYIKOULIULIHANYU,SHIGESHUXILIANGBIANQINGKUANGDE“ZHONGGUOTONG”。

HENDUORENDAGAIBUZHIDAO,NIANQINGDESITULEIDENGDUIYUZHONGGUODECHUANJIAOSHIYEBINGMEIYOUTEBIENONGHOUDEXINGQU,DAXUEQIJIANYIDUSHITUTAOBIHUIDAOZHONGGUOQUGONGZUO;DANSHI,YIDANZUOCHULEXUANZE,TAJIUGANDEYUANBIYIBANRENCHUSE。SITULEIDENGLISHUYUNANFANGZHANGLAOHUI,XINJIAOJIAERWENPAIDEYIZHI,TASHENXIN“JIBENDEZONGJIAOZHENLIYUCHUANBOJIAOYISUOCAIDEFANGSHI,KEYIXIEDIAO”。ZHEIYIBEIJINGSHIDESITULEIDENGZAISIXIANGLAOPAI、XINGSHIFANGSHICHENJIUDEYIBANCHUANJIAOSHIZHONGYUZHONGBUTONG。DUIYUXINJIAOTUHETIANZHUJIAOTUDEBUTONG,MAKESI·WEIBOSHUOGUOZHEIMEYIJUHUA:“JIU‘FENGSHIYUANSHUIBUKEJIANDE’ZHEIGEWENTIERYAN,XINJIAOTUKESUANJIAOXIHAOFENGSHI,TIANZHUJIAOTUZEPIANHAOANSHUI。”ERSITULEIDENGXIANRANSHIYIGEXIHAOFENGSHIZHE。

SITULEIDENG

1919 NIAN,ZAIHUABEIDEMEIGUOJIAOHUIDAXUEYUHEBINGZHIHOUXUNQIUYIGE“CONGTOUZUOQI”DE“XIN”XIAOZHI,YANJINGDAXUEPINRENZUOFENGKAIMING、YANGUANGMINRUIDE“XIN”PAIRENWUSITULEIDENGWEIXIAOZHANG,BEIJINGXIJIAOYUYIWANGJIAOHUIXUEXIAOJIERANBUTONGDEYANJINGDAXUE“XIN”XINGXIANGQUELI,ZHEIJIJIANSHIKANSHANGQUCHUNSHULISHIJIYUDEQIAOHE,DANRUGUOWOMENLIANXIANGDAOZHEIYINIANFASHENGDEZHONGDALISHISHIJIAN,YOUQISHIYIWUSIYUNDONGWEIKAIDUANDE“XIN”WENHUAYUNDONG,JIUHUIFAXIANYIQIEBINGFEIOURAN。

1919 年,在去北京考察的路途上,司徒雷登在天津造访了时为私立南开大学校长的张伯苓,另一个“热诚的基督教徒”。司徒雷登向张伯苓提到了学生运动中蕴含的基督教教育的巨大前景,他希望他的朋友和他一样可以意识到“学生运动的令人惊愕的重要性……学生们出色地组织了抗议活动,保持克制、秩序和热情”。“在运动中其他处所的学生将注目于北京学生的领导作用。这给了我们基督教大学巨大的机遇,以服务于中国历史上空前的危机。”

“RUGUOWOMENBUNENGHUANQI(WOMENDEXUESHENG)DUICUOWUHEYAPODEZENGE,YIJIYINGXIONGDEAIGUOZHUYIHEFUWUJINGSHEN,WOMENDECHUANJIAOJIAOYUSHIYEJIANGGUIYUSHIBAI”——ZHEIZHONGZHENFENRENXINDEYUANJINGWUYISHITUIDONGXINDEYANJINGDAXUEGUIHUADEYIGEZHONGYAODONGLI。XINXIAOJIANSHEGURANJIYUSHIJIXUYAO,ERYISHIXINGTAIDEYUANYINYETONGYANGGUANJIAN,DUIYUYIGEWEIYUGULAOZHONGGUODEWENHUAZHONGXINDE、QUANXINDEMEIGUOJIAOHUIJIAOYUJIGOULAISHUO,NEIZHONGXINXINGDE“JIAOHUIXUEXIAOHEZHENGFUXUEXIAOZHIJIANYOUHAODEHEZUOGUANXI”,WUYIHUIXIANGSITULEIDENGSUOSHUODENEIYANG,SHIQI“JUDADEJIYU”。

BUGUO,CONGWOMENTAOLUNDEZHUTI,YIGESHIZAIDE、YOUZHESHIJIANHEKONGJIANDESHANGXIAWENDEXINXIAOZHILAIKAN,HAIYOUXUDUODEYIWAIHEOURANZAIDENGDAIZHESITULEIDENG。

本文节选自

《CONGFEIYUANDAOYANYUAN》

ZUOZHE: TANGKEYANG

CHUBANSHE: GUANGXISHIFANDAXUECHUBANSHE

CHUPINFANG: XINMINSHUO

CHUBANNIAN: 2021-1

XIANGGUAN:

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