微信抢红包软件开发

读书多了,我们会丧失对真实生活的感知力吗?


更新日期:2021-01-23 19:49:12来源:网络点击:687283
鲁棒性,鲁滨孙漂流记,鲁滨逊漂流记读后感,复仇者联盟3百度网盘,复位键,复兴号动车组

YUEDUHUODUSHUSHIRENDEYIZHONGHUODONG。JINGUANDUSHUBURUWANGLUOXINGQIQIANNEIYANGCHONGGAO,DANTAZHAOYANGBEIRENWEISHIMEIHAODE、XUYAOCHANGDAODE。RANER,ZIYINSHUASHUSHISHUJIPUJIZHIJIN,DUSHUYEBEIRENWEIDUISHENTIHEJIANKANGYOUZHEYANZHONGWEIXIE,SHIRENFANYINGCHIDUN,DUIXIANSHIDEGANZHILI、ZHUYILIXIAJIANG,ZHIHUOZAIXIANGXIANGDESHIJIELI。

XIAWENNEIRONGJINGBEIJINGDAXUECHUBANSHESHOUQUANJIEXUANZI《YUEDUDELILIANG》YISHU。ZHAIBIANYOUSHANJIE,BIAOTIFEIYUANWENSUOYOU。

原文作者|[英] 弗兰克·富里迪

摘编|罗东

《YUEDUDELILIANG》,[YING] FULANKE·FULIDI ZHU,XUTAO、LISIFAN YI,BEIJINGDAXUECHUBANSHE,2020NIAN11YUE。

ZONGGUANLISHI,DAODEYUJIANKANGZHIJIANDEGUANXIYIZHISHIBIJIAOMOHUDE。DAODEGAOSHANGCHANGCHANGSHITONGGUOYOULIANGDESHENTISHUXINGBIAOXIANCHULAIDE,ERDAODEBAIHUAIZECHANGCHANGSHITONGGUOCHOUEDESHENTIBINGZHENGBIAOXIANCHULAIDE。JIANGMEIJIEXIAOFEIDANGZUOYIZHONGJIBINGLAIDUIDAIDETAIDUYIZHIYANXUZHIJIN。WANGYIN、XINLICHUANGSHANG、FANSHEHUIDEBAOLIQINGXIANGYIJIDANAODERENZHIGONGNENGSHOUSUNDENGDENG,DOUBEIKANCHENGSHITONG21SHIJIDEMEIJIEYOUGUANDEZHUANGTAI。YILIAOHUA——LIYONGYIXUEDEQUANWEILAISHENSHIRICHANGSHENGHUODEGUOCHENG——ZAIDANGJINSHIDAICHANSHENGLEQIANSUOWEIYOUDEYINGXIANG,YINWEIRENLEITIYANDEBUDUANTUOZHANYIJINGBEIZHONGXINDINGYIWEIYIGEXUYAOJIESHOUYILIAOGANYUDEWENTI。

YINWEISHISUHUAHEKEXUEDEXINGQI,RENMENCHANGCHANGTONGGUODUIXINLIHUOSHENGLIJIBINGDEXUSHU,LAIBIAODATAMENDEDAODEGUANQIEHEWENHUAGUANQIE。LIRU,ZUIJINJISHINIANLAI,CHANGCHANGYOURENTONGGUOQIANGDIAOMEIJIEHEYUEDUDUIRENSHINENGLIDEYINGXIANG,LAIPIPINGMEIJIEDEGUODULIYONGYIJISUIYIXINGDEYUEDUFANGSHI。ZHEIZHENGSHIJIANQIAODAXUEDEWENXUEPINGLUNJIA、XINPIPANZHUYIZHIFULICHAZI(I.A.Richards)DEYITU。TAYU1929NIANSHITUJIANGYUEDUWENTITONG“NANLIJIEZHISIXIANGDEKUAISUCHUANBO”GUANLIANQILAI,BINGRENWEIZHEIZHONGCHUANBO“CHEDIRAOLUANLERENLEIXINZHIDEWANZHENGZHIXU,YINCIKEYISHUO,TASHIWOMENDEXINLINGSANGSHILEKEKONGXINGHELIANGUANXING,CONGERTUIBIANDAOYIZHONGFUQIAN、CUIRUOHEHUNLUANDEDIJIXINGTAI”。LICHAZIDANXINDESHIDUZHELINGWU“NANLIJIEZHISIXIANG”DENENGLI,ERZHEIZHONGDANXINBUJINSHEJIXINXILIANGGUODADELAOWENTI,ERQIEHAISHEJIGUODADEXINXILIANGDUIYURENSHINENGLIDEYINGXIANGWENTI。

DANGRAN,YUEDUNENGGOUJIFAXINLIDEHESHENGLIDEFANYING。SHUMIANWENBENDUIYUXIANGXIANGDEYINGXIANGLISHITASUOTEYOUDEHEZHENZHENGMEIMIAODETEXINGZHIYI。WENXUEPINGLUNJIAQIAOZHI·SITANNACENGJINGSHENGCHENG:“LIANGHAODEYUEDUXINGWEISHIYAOMAOHENDAFENGXIANDE”,YINWEI“TAKENENGSHIWOMENBIANDEDUOCHOUSHANGAN”。TABAYUEDUSUOYINFADEXINLIHESHENGLIJUBIANMIAOSHUWEIYIZHONGJINGSHENXINGDEHUOSHENMEIXINGDEFANYING——QITARENZEJIHUZONGSHICONGJIANKANGDESHIJIAOLAIKANDAIZHEIYIGUOCHENG。RENMENCHANGCHANGCONGYIXUEDESHIJIAOHUOZHELUNLIDESHIJIAOLAILUNSHUYUEDUDUIDUZHEDEYINGXIANG,ERZHEILIDEMUDEZESHITANTAOZHEILIANGZHONGLUNSHUZHIJIANDEXIANGHUGUANLIAN。

QIAOZHI · SITANNA(George steiner,1929NIAN-2020NIAN2YUE3RI),WENXUEPIPINGJIA。

01

阅读引起情感和身体的剧变

SHIJIEJIANGRUHETONGGUOYUEDUJIQIDUIDUZHEDEYINGXIANGERJINRURENLEIDEXINLINGNI?DUICIWENTI,WOMENSHIHENNANZHUNQUEYUCEDE。YOUGUANTEDINGSHUJIHEYUEDUSHIJIANDEZHENGLUNCHANGCHANGJUJIAOYUSHENTIHEDAODEDEHUATI,LIRU,TAMENJIUJINGSHIQIDILEDUZHEDEXINLINGHAISHIFUHUALEDUZHEDEXINLING,YIJITAMENDAODISHIQIANGZHUANGLEDUZHEDETIGEHAISHIXUERUOLEDUZHEDETIGE。ZHENGRUWOMENXIANQIANSUOTAOLUNGUODENEIYANG,SUGELADIBAXIEZUOCHENGWEIYIZHONG“YAOWU”,CHUANDICHULEZHEIYANGYIZHONGZHUZHANG:YUEDUYOUKENENGCHENGWEIYIWEILIANGFANG,YEYOUKENENGCHENGWEIYIJIDUYAO。

ZAIXIANDAIZAOQI,RENMENCENGTONGGUOSHENGLIXUEDEJIQINGLILUNLAIJIESHIYUEDUDEYINGXIANG,ERZHEIZHONGJIESHIQIANGDIAOLEWENBENSUOYINQIDEQINGGANFANYINGTONGDUZHEDESHENGLIHEXINLIJIANKANGZHIJIANDEGUANLIAN。JIQINGJUYOUTESHUDEYIYI——“TAMENSHIGANXINGDELINGHUN(YOUSHISHILIXINGDELINGHUN)DEHUODONG,SHILINGHUNDUIGANGUANYINXIANGHEQITACIJIZUOCHUDEFANYING”——BINGQIEBEIRENWEIKEYIYINGXIANGRENLEIDEXINGWEI,SHIZHIQUXIANGYUTEDINGDEHUODONGFANGSHI。

XUDUOZHUMINGRENWUDOUCENGTONGGUOZIJIDEQINSHENJINGLITIXINGRENMENZHUYIYUEDUSUOYINQIDEQINGGANHESHENTIDEJUBIAN。TAMENBAZHEIZHONGJUBIANGUIYINYUYUEDUSUOYINFADEXINGFENHEFANNAO,BINGQIERENWEIZHEIZHONGXINGFENHEFANNAOPOHUAILETAMENDUIYUZISHENQINGGANSHENGHUODEZHANGKONGNENGLI。ZHEXUEJIAHEHUAXUEJIALUOBOTE·BOYIER(Robert Boyle,1627—1691NIAN)QUEXIN,TABENRENCONGLAIMEIYOUBAITUOGUOZIJIZAIXUESHENGSHIDAIYUEDUGUODE“《GAOLUDEAMADISI》ZHONGDEMAOXIANCHUANQIYIJIQITALIQIGUSHI”DEYINGXIANG。BOYIERSHENGCHENG,ZHEIXIEMAOXIANGUSHI“TONGGUORAOLUANTADESIXIANGERSHANGHAILETA”,YINWEITAMEN“SHITAYANGCHENGLEYIZHONGMANYOUSHIDESIWEIXIGUAN,YIZHITAJIHUWUFAKONGZHIZIJIDESIWEI”。

DIANSHIJU《WODETIANCAINVYOU》DIERJI(2020)JUZHAO。

YUEDUWENBENHELIJIEWENBENDEHUODONGCHANGCHANGBEIBIYUCHENGSHENTIDEJINSHIHEXIAOHUAHUODONG。ZHIDAO20SHIJIZHIHOU,CHIFANDEBIYUYIRANJINGCHANGYONGYUYOUGUANYUEDUDETAOLUNZHIZHONG。FULANGXISI·PEIGENCENGJINGTICHUZHONGGAOSHUO:“YOUXIESHUSHIKEYIPINCHANGDE,YOUXIESHUSHIKEYITUNYANDE,HAIYOUJISHAOSHUDESHUSHIKEYIJUJIAOHEXIAOHUADE。”TADUIYUPINCHANG、TUNYAN、JUJIAOHEXIAOHUADEQUFENSHITONGGEZHONGBUTONGLEIXINGDEYUEDUSHIJIANXIANGDUIYINGDE。ANZHAOPEIGENDEJIANYI,ZHIYOUJISHAOSHUDESHUJIZHIDERENMEN“QINFENHEZHUANZHU”DIYUEDU,JINERCHEDIDIXIAOHUA。ZHENGRUTAZAIYIPIANPINGLUNZHONGJIESHIDENEIYANG:“XIAOHUA,BENSHIYIZHONGDUIYOUYONGCHENGFENYUYOUHAICHENGFENJINXINGDEBIYAOFENJIE,ERTAXIANZAIYIJINGCHENGWEI‘QIADANGDEYUEDUHUODONG’DEWENZIXINGBIYU。”

ZAI19SHIJI,DUISHUJIDERENZHENXIAOHUABEIDANGZUOYIZHONGJIANKANGDEYUEDUFANGSHIERDEDAOTUIGUANG。DEGUOZHEXUEJIAFULIDELIXI·NICAI(Friedrich Nietzsche,1844—1900NIAN)TIYI,RENYINGGAIXIANG“NIU”CHICAOYIYANGDUISIXIANGJIAYIHUANMANERZIXIDESIKAO,“JINXINGFANCHU,ZAICIJUJIAO”。RANER,DANGYUEDUBEIBIYUWEIYIZHONGXINCHENDAIXIEDEXIAOHUAGUOCHENGSHI,CHANGCHANGYIWEIZHESHUJIDEXIAOFEIKENENGHUICHUXIANGUOLIANGQINGXING,YOUQISHIXINJINCHUXIANDEYUEDUGONGZHONGGENGRONGYIDAOZHISHUJIDEGUOLIANGXIAOFEI。ZHEXUEJIAYUEHAN·SITUERTE·MIER(John Stuart Mill,1806—1873NIAN)DUIQISUOCHUSHENSHIDAIDECHUBANYEDEFEISUZENGZHANGSHENGANBUAN,TAPINGLUNSHUO:XIANZAIDEGONGZHONG“TANTUJINGSHENSHILIANG,WEILENENGGOUTUNYANDEGENGDUOERBUXIHULUNTUNZAO”e。XUDUOPIPINGJIADOUZAIZHIZEPUTONGDUZHEBUJIAXUANZEDI“BAOSHI”SHUJI;DUIYUZHEIXIEPIPINGJIALAISHUO,LIANJIADEJINGXIANXIAOSHUOZAIDAODECENGMIANXIANGDANGYUJINTIANDEKUAICANSHIPIN。

18SHIJIDEPINGLUNJIAMENDUIYUDAZHONGWENHUAZHONGBUJIANGJIUJINGSHENPINZHIDEWENXUESHIJIANBIAOSHIDANYOU,ERTAMENDEDANYOUCHANGCHANGKEYITONGMIERDEQINGXUCHANSHENGGONGMING。YINGGUOPINGLUNJIAMEIKAOKE(A.L. Maycock)YU1929NIANSHENGCHENG:“HAOWUYIWEN,JINTIANDEWOMENDOUYUEDUDETAIDUO,YINERJIXINLINGDELINGWUNENGLISHIJIALEGUOZHONGDEFUDAN;ZHENGRUBAOYINBAOSHIHUISHIYUANBENYOUYIYUJIANKANGDEYINSHISANGSHIQIYIYIYIYANG,GUODUDEYUEDUZHIHUIFANGAIWOMENDESIKAO,BINGSHIWOMENDESIXIANGCHUYUYIZHONGCHIDUNDEHEBUHUOYUEDEZHUANGTAI。”MEIKAOKEXIANGBUCHUHAIYOUSHENMEBIGUODUYUEDU“GENGWEIYOUXIAODEJINGSHENZISHAFANGFA”,BINGQIEYUYAN:CHUFEIWOMENNENGGOUCAIQUMOUXIEXINGDONGLAIEZHIGUODUYUEDUDEYINGXIANG,FOUZE“DANGDAIYINSHUAPINDEQIANGDAHONGLIUBIANHUITUNMEIWOMEN,BINGJIANGWOMENJUANRUNEILINGRENZHENZHANDEJINGSHENCUOLUANZHIZHONG”。

DIANSHIJU《LIAOZHAI》(1987)SHUCHIPIANJUZHAO,“SHUZHONGYANRUYU”,SHUZHONGNVZIYIYUEERCHU。

TONGGUOXIAOHUAHUODONGDEWULILEIBILAIMIAOSHUYUEDU,BIAOMINGLEYIZHONGDUIYUEDUDEDAODEPIPAN。XIANGYINGDI,RUGUODUZHEYUEDUDESHUJISHULIANGCHAOCHULEPINGLUNJIAMENSUOJIANYIDEJIANKANGYUEDULIANG,BIANHUIBEIZHIZEWEI“TUNSHISHUJI”;ZHEIXIETUNSHIWENXUEZUOPINDEDUZHEHUIBEIZHIKONGWEI“FANYOULANYONGZIRANZHIZUI”,ERQIEQIZUIXINGBINEIXIEJINJINYONGSHIWU“BAWEITIANDETAIMAN”DERENGENGJIAYANZHONG。WENXUEPINGLUNJIAYUEHAN·LUOSIJIN(John Ruskin,1819—1900NIAN)WEIZHEIZHONGGUANDIANTIGONGLERONGZHANGDELUNZHENG,TADUIYU“BAOSHIXINGYUEDU”DEJINGGAOGOUCHENGLEYIZHONGDUIWEIJINGXIAOHUADESHUJIXIAOFEIDEDAODEPIPAN。LUOSIJINJIANGYUEDUDESHENMEIWEIDUYUJINGSHENWEIDUZHUANBIANWEIYIZHONGCUNZAIYUYUEDUDESHENTIBIAOXIANHEDAODEBIAOXIANZHIJIANDELINGRENBUANDEZHANGLI,ERZHEIZHONGZHUANBIANSHIYIYIZHONGYANGUOQISHIDEDAODESHUOJIAODEKOUQIBIAODACHULAIDE:“WEILEHUODEJINGSHENSHANGDEZIYANG,NIBIXUYANGEANZHAODAODEGUIFANLAIYUEDU,ZHENGRUNIWEILEHUODESHENTISHANGDEYINGYANGERBIXUANZHAODAODEZHUNZELAIJINSHIYIYANG。”ZAILUOSIJINKANLAI,YUEDUYUYINSHIFANGMIANDEDAODEZHUNZEJINZHIRENMENWEILEZHUIQIUXIANGLEHUOMANZUGANXINGYUWANGERJINXINGZHEIXIEHUODONG。TAJIESHISHUO:“NIBUNENGWEILECHIDEKUAILEERCHI,YEBUNENGWEILEYUEDUDEKUAILEERYUEDU。”DANTAYECHENGREN,ZAIZHENGDANGDEQINGKUANGXIA,“NIDEWANCANHENIDESHUJI”DOUSHIKEYIBEIXIANGSHOUDE。

ZAI19SHIJI,LUOSIJINDEGUANDIANZAINEIXIEFANDUILIUXINGWENHUAHEDAZHONGYUEDUDEWENXUEPIPINGJIAZHONGGUANGFANLIUCHUANKAILAI。ZHENGRUKAILI·MEISI(Kelly Mays)SUOMIAOXIEDENEIYANG,“SHENZHIZAICHIFANGUOCHENGZHONG,RUOSHIZAILIXIANGZHUANGTAIXIA,GENGGAOJIDEJINGSHENLILIANG——YIZHI、LIXINGYUPANDUAN——YEYINGGAIWANQUANZHANGKONGYIQIE”,RANER,YOUXIANGLEZHUYIHEZHUIQIUXIANGLESUODAOZHIDE“SHUJITUNSHIXINGJING”QUEYIZHILEDUZHEDEXIANGXIANGLI。MEISIJIESHISHUO:“DANGYUEDUSHOUDAOGANXINGYUWANGDEQUSHI,ERBUSHICHUYUDUIYINGYANGJIAZHIDELIXINGKAOLIANGSHI,ZHEIZHONGYUEDUJIANGHUNXIAOSHENTIYUXINLINGZHIJIANDEZHENGDANGDENGJIGUANXI。”

ZAIGUANYUYUEDUDEDAODEFENGXIANHESHENTIFENGXIANDEJIESHIZHIZHONG,CHANGCHANGCUNZAIZHEZHEIYANGYIGEJIASHE:DUZHEGENBENWULIQUKANGJUYINSHUAWENBENDUITAMENDEQIANGDAXIYINLI、YOUHUOLIHEGUHUOLI。SHUJIJUYOUSUNHAIDAODEDELILIANG,SUOYITAMENBIXUDEDAOJIANGUAN;ERCHUBANSHENHEKEYIQIDAOBAOHUDAODEDEZUOYONG,JIUXIANGWEILEBAOHUSHENTIDEJIANKANGERXUYAODUIMOUZHONGCHUANRANXINGJIBINGDEGANRANZHEJINXINGGELIYIYANG。YIWEIMEIGUOPINGLUNJIAZAIPINGLUN“YINSHUAPINDUYAO”DESHIHOUZHICHU:YIGELIYONG“YINHUIGUSHI”LAI“DUHAISHEHUI”DE“ANGZANGZHIREN”JIUSHI“DAODEFULANWU、WENYIYUANFADIQUHEMAFENGBINGHUANZHE”,SUOYILIYINGXIANG“XIRIDEMAFENGBINGREN”NEIYANG“ZAODAOSHEHUIDEPAOQI”。

ZAIYIPIANDUIAOSIKA·WANGERDE(Oscar Wilde)DEXIAOSHUO《DAOLIN·GELEIDEHUAXIANG》DEPINGLUNZHONG,ZUOZHEYECAIYONGLELEISIDEKOUQIJIANGZHEIBUXIAOSHUOZHIZEWEI“YIGECONGFAGUOTUIFEIZHUYIDEANGZANGWENXUEZHONGYANSHENGCHULAIDEGUSHI,YIBENCHONGMANLEDAODEHEJINGSHENFUBAIWUDEECHOUQIXIDEYOUHAISHUJI,YIXIANGTANTAORUHECONGDAODESHANGHESHENTISHANGDUHAIYIWEIXIANHUOMEIHAODEGAOSHANGQINGNIANDEZIMINGDEYIDEYANJIU”。

JILUPIAN《SHUMI》(2014)JUZHAO。

02

阅读,被视为一种“道德毒药”

LUXIER·AIERMANGGESHIYONGLE“JINGSHENDUPIN”YICILAIBIANDITASUOMIESHIDECHUBANWU,ERZHEIZHONGSHUOFAYANXULEXUDUOSHIJIYILAIDENEIZHONGDUIWENXUEZUOPINJIAYIYAOMOHUADECHUANTONG。ZAIYOUGUANYIDUANWENTIDESHENXUEZHENGLUNZHONG,BASHUJIBIZUOMOUZHONGDUYAODEMIAOSHUSHOUFAYEJIWEICHANGJIAN。TUOMASI·MOERJUESHIZAIPENGJIMOUXIEGUCHUIZONGJIAOGAIGEDEWENXUEZUOPINSHI,BIANCENGZHIZEZHEIXIESHUJISHI“YOUKENENGRANGDUZHERANSHANG‘CHUANRANXINGWENYI’DE‘ZHIMINGDUYAO’”;QITAPIPINGJIAZESHIYONG“DAODEDUYAO”HUO“WENXUEDUYAO”ZHILEIDECIHUILAITIXINGRENMENDANGXINSHUMIANWENBENJUYOUSUNHAISHENTIDENENGLI。DEGUOZHEXUEJIAASE·SHUBENHUA(Arthur Schopenhauer,1778—1860NIAN)BA“BULIANGSHUJI”CHENGWEIYONGLAI“CUIHUIXINLING”DE“SIXIANGDUYAO”。ZUOJIAXIDENI·DAKE(SidneyDark,1874—1947NIAN)RENWEI,DUIYUXINCHUXIANDEYUEDUGONGZHONGDANGZHONGDEDABUFENRENERYAN,SHUJIXIAOFEIZHINENGQIDAOYIZHONGMAZUIYAODEZUOYONG,BINGQIE“SHUJIZHIBUGUOSHIYIZHONGMAZUIYAO,CONGZHANGYUANDEGUANDIANLAIKAN,TAZHONGJIUHUIXIANGKEKAYINYIYANGCUIHUIZHENSHIDESHENGMINGHESHENGHUO”。

DAODEDUYAOJIXUNQIUMANZUGANDEGONGZHONGDAILAIDEWEIXIANCHANGCHANGTONGNEIXIEBEISHIWEIYINHUICHUBANWUDESHUJIYOUGUAN。RANER,19SHIJIHE20SHIJIDEDAODEJIAMENWANGWANGDUIYINHUIJIAYIKUANFANDEDINGYI,BINGQIESUIXINSUOYUDILIYONGYINHUIYICILAIMIAOSHUCHUBANWUDE“DUHAI”ZUOYONG。《GUANYUYINSHUADEDUYAO》(Concerning Printed Poison,1885NIAN)YISHUDEZUOZHEYUEXIYA·LIZIDUI“YINHUI”YU“LIANJIAXIAOSHUODEELIEYINGXIANG”JINXINGLEQUFEN,RENWEIHOUZHESUIRANBINGBU“YIDINGSHIYINHUIDE”,DANYIRANGOUCHENGLEYIZHONGDUISHEHUIDEDUHAI。

CONG19SHIJIHOUQIKAISHI,YINHUICHUBANWUHESHANQINGBAOZHIDEJUZENGYINFALEYUELAIYUEDADEGUANZHU,DUIYUEDUDEYILIAOHUAHEDAODEHUAJIESHIYEHUODELEYIGEXINDEFAZHANQIJI。1880NIAN,NIUYUEFANDUOLUOXIEHUIFABIAOSHENGMINGCHENG:“SUICHUDOUKEKANDAO,ZHEIZHONGWENXUEDUYAOZHENGZAIWEIJISHEHUISHENGHUODEGENJI。TAZHENGZAIWURANWOMENNIANQINGRENDECHUNJIESHENGHUOHEXINLING。”WEIDUOLIYASHIDAIDEMEIGUOLUNLIXUEJIAANDONGNI·KANGSITUOKEZAI1875NIANZHUANXIEDEYIFENBAOGAOZHONGJINGGAOSHUO,NEIXIEDOUSHOUYINHUIZUOPINDE“JINGMINGERJIAOZHA”DESHANGRENYIJING“CHENGGONGDIJIANGYIZHONGBINGDUZHURUTIANZHENERCHUNJIEDENIANQINGRENTINEI,RUGUOBUJIAZUZHI,ZHEIZHONGBINGDUJIANGBISHENTILIZUIZHIMINGDEJIBINGCHANSHENGCHUGENGDADEPOHUAIXING”,JINERBIAOSHI:RUGUONENGRANGWOMENGUOJIADESUOYOULAOSHI、FUMUHEJIANHURENTINGJIANWOMENDESHENGYIN,WOMENJIANGHUIHUYU:“YAOYIKEBUTINGDIXIAOXINSHOUHUNIMENDETUSHUGUAN,NIMENDEYICHU,ZIXILEJIENIMENDEHAIZIHUOBEIJIANHURENDETONGXINNEIRONGHEJIAOWANGDUIXIANG,YIMIANNIMENDEJIATINGDETIANMIHECHUNJIESHOUDAOWURANHESUNHAI。

KANGSITUOKEHUYUJIAZHANGCHAKANHAIZIDEXINJIANBINGJIANGUANHAIZIDEYUEDUCAILIAO,ERTADEHUYUBUJINJINBIAODALEWEIDUOLIYASHIDAIDERENMENDUIDAODEWURANDEGAODUGUANZHU。KANGSITUOKEDUIJIAZHANGDEJIANYITUXIANLEZHEIYANGYIZHONGJIAOLV,JILAOYIBEISHIFOUHAIYOUNENGLIYINDAOHEJIAOYUZIJIDEHAIZIJIESHOUDAODEZHIXUDEJIAZHI。YUEDUJIAOYUHEERTONGDUXIENENGLIDEPEIYANGZHISUOYICHENGWEIDAODEGUANZHUDEZHUTI,SHIYINWEIHAIZIDEMINGANXINLINGRONGYISHOUDAOPOHUAIXINGDEYINGXIANG。

DIANSHIJU《ZHENGCHANGREN》(2020)JUZHAO。

JIUXIANGLUOSIJINRENWEIGUODUDEYUEDUBIGUOLIANGDEYINSHIGENGWEIXIANYIYANG,RENMENRENWEIZHEIZHONGTONGGUOYUEDULAICHUANBODEDAODEDUYAOYUANBINEIXIEWUZHIXINGDEDUYAOGENGNENGDAOZHIKEPADEHOUGUO。《XINGQIRIKUAIBAO》DEBIANJIZHANMUSI·DAOGELASIZICHENGSHIYIMINGFANDUI“YINGGUOXIAOSHUODEWURANHEDUOLUO”DEHUODONGJIA。TAPENGJIRUIKELIFU·HUOERZHUANXIEDEYIBUMIAOXIENVTONGXINGLIANZHEGUDUJINGKUANGDEXIAOSHUO《JIMOZHIJING》(The Well of Loneliness,1928NIAN),BINGSHENGCHENGZHEIBUXIAOSHUOSHIZAIXUANYANG“DUOLUO”。TAXIWANGZHEIBUXIAOSHUOSUOZHAOZHIDEFENNUNENGPOSHISHEHUICHENGDANQI“JIANGZHEIXIEMAFENGBINGHUANZHEDEMAFENGBINGCONGSHEHUIZHONGQINGXICHUQUDESHIMING”。DAOGELASISHENGCHENG:“WONINGYUANSONGJIHAIZIMENYIPINGQINGQINGSUAN,YEBUYUANYIRANGTAMENDUDAOZHEIBENXIAOSHUO。YINWEIDUYAOKEYISHASISHENTI,ERDAODEDUYAOZEKEYIESHALINGHUN。”

RUGUODUZHEWEINENGZAIYUEDUHUODONGZHONGBIAOXIANCHUZISHENDEGAOYAYIJIBIYAODEXUANZEXINGHEYUEDUPINWEI,JIUHUIBEIPIPINGJIAMENSHIWEIZAOGAODEDUZHE。NIGULASI·DAMUSICENGTICHU:WEIDUOLIYASHIDAIDEDUZHENAISHI“XIFANGLISHISHANGDEDIYIPIZAOGAODEDUZHE”。ZHEIXIEDUZHEBINGBUQUEFAJIEDUWENBENDEJIQIAO,DANSHITAMENQUEFALIANGHAODEYUEDUSUOBIXUDEDAODEPINZHI。NIUYUEZHOULIDAXUEDEYANJIURENYUANZHUYIDAOLIANGHAODEYUEDUXUYAO“GENGGAOJI”HE“GENGCHUNJIE”DESIXIANGXINGSHI,RANERTAMENZAIXIANSHIZHONGJINGCHANGQUESHI。YINCI,TAMENJIANGDUZHEQUFENWEILIANGZHONG:JINXINGYUEDUDERENHESHANYUYUEDUDEREN:“MEIYITIAN,YUEDUXIAOSHUODEKUANGREYIJICHUBANSHEZHIZAOCHULAIDELAJIYIJILIANLAJIDOUBURUDEDONGXICHONGCHIZHESHUDIANHESHIFENZHIJIUDEKETING。RANERJINGUANRUCI,TAMENBINGBUSHISHANYUYUEDUDEREN。”ZAIZHEIPIANBAOGAODEZUOZHEMENKANLAI,RENMENJINXINGDEZHEIZHONG“YUEDU”SHIJISHANGZHENGSHIYIZHONGDUOLUODEBIAOXIAN。

DIANYING《DANGXINGFULAIQIAOMEN》(2006)JUZHAO。

03

阅读医疗化的趋势

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XIANGGUAN:

安德烈·巴赞:改编电影不纯粹了吗?让我们回到上世纪四五十年代,电影发展之初看看安德烈·巴赞为“改编”这种“不纯粹”电影形式的辩护安德烈·巴赞回顾近10年到15年来的电影发展,不难发现一个日益显著的特征:取材于文学与戏剧。当然,电影从小说和戏剧中发掘素材早已有之,但那时电影的表现形式还是独树一帜的。《基督山伯爵》、《悲惨世界》和《三个火枪手》的改编,不同于《田园交响乐》、《宿命论者雅克》、《布劳涅森林的女人们》、《肉体的恶魔》、《乡村牧师日记》的改编。电影导演只是借用了大仲马和维克多·雨果笔下的人物和情节,但并没有套用小说的文学框架。在电影中,沙威和达达尼昂所经历..

1919年的燕京大学,还不在颐和园路5号从明朝初年北京在现有城址上建成以来,北京“城”已经有了几张截然不同的面孔(图1),和这种形态差别联系在一起的不仅仅是物理建设,最重要的,还是不同历史条件下的社会生活方式。在扩展出二环线以前,北京看上去还不是一块似乎会漫无边际扩展下去的大饼。多少年来,在外来者觊觎的眼光里,它都是黑乎乎的城门洞子里密致模糊的一团——大致说来,一直到民国初年,北京城市的发展还非常局限于那一圈城墙,为城墙铁桶般围定的那座城池里面,人口拥塞,而它的外面却是稀稀落落、发展缓慢的农业聚落,只有西北面得天独厚,坐落着诸多的皇家园林和离宫、庙宇。1900 年庚子之..

怎样才能将文学的触手伸向时代深处?女作家自有回答在这篇特别报道中,我们邀请了北京师范大学文学院教授、茅盾文学奖评委张莉,以 8 位青年女性作家为引,结合她的阅读和持续推动女性写作发展的实践经验,探讨属于这个时代的女性写作,以及它的社会意义。但终究,我们还是要回到阅读中,才能找到答案。谈青年女性写作者的创作,不由想到她们的前辈:张洁、铁凝、王安忆、翟永明、林白、迟子建 …… 这些作家和她们的作品 ——《方舟》《玫瑰门》《永远有多远》《弟兄们》《逐鹿中街》《女人组诗》《一个人的战争》《世界上所有的夜晚》…… 早已构成了光彩熠熠的中国当代女性文学史。当然,在这样的脉络里,不同时期..

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